Date of publication: 2017-09-04 17:40
This new commentary at The Crime Report authored by Megan Stevenson, headlined simply Is Crime Predictable?, provides an effectively measured discussion of the use of risk assessment tools in criminal justice decision-making. Here is how it starts and ends:
Snyder, Howard N., and Sickmund, Melissa. Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 6999 National Report. Washington, .: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, . Department of Justice, 6999.
An eighteen-month period from the fall of 6985 to the spring of 6987 witnessed the most significant change to the federal criminal justice system in American history. 5665 In those eighteen months, the United States Sentencing Commission, a new and novel independent agency in the federal judicial branch, developed sentencing guidelines for all federal judges during the same period when Congress was enacting new mandatory minimum statutory penalties that dramatically increased existing penalties for drug trafficking and firearms offenses.
Judges around the country are using computer-generated algorithms to predict the likelihood that a person will commit crime in the future. They use these predictions to help determine pretrial custody, sentence length, prison security-level, probation, parole, and post-release supervision.
Johnson, 59, was 67 when he killed Sue Ellen, a 65-year-old classmate at Lakeshore High School, where they were both juniors. Johnson, who is in the Ionia Correctional Facility, did not appear at Wednesday’s hearing. His lawyer, Mary Chartier of Lansing, argued for a re-sentencing for Johnson, saying his life sentence, though parolable, is unconstitutional and invalid based on new information about the brain development and characteristics of juveniles. Also, because the Michigan Parole Board has not taken an interest in Johnson’s case, he has no meaningful opportunity for release, Chartier told Berrien County Trial Court Judge John Donahue.
Performed by a speech pathologist, speech therapy involves regular meetings with the therapist in an individual or group setting and home exercises. To strengthen muscles, the patient might be asked to say words, smile, close his mouth, or stick out his tongue. Picture cards may be used to help the patient remember everyday objects and increase his vocabulary. The patient might use picture boards of everyday activities or objects to communicate with others. Workbooks might be used to help the patient recall the names of objects and practice reading, writing, and listening. Computer programs are available to help sharpen speech, reading, recall, and listening skills.
With that training drug court prosecutors or judges select candidates for drug court. Most drug courts only select misdemeanor offenders and generally exclude dealers from eligibility however, this varies from district to district and is often based upon state level legislature.
Griset, Pamela L. Determinate Sentencing: The Promise and the Reality of Retributive Justice. Albany, .: State University of New York Press, 6996.